The territory of Sardinia is predominantly mountainous, characterized by massive plateaus and hilly groups arranged in an irregular manner. The only large flat area is that of Campidano, which extends for about 110 km between the Gulf of Cagliari and that of Oristano. Sardinia has 1800 linear kilometers of coastline. The Region is characterized by an important infrastructural network of transport in continuous modernization. The main connecting roads between the major cities of the island are the Strada Statale 131, 130 and 125. The island is served by 3 airports, the main airport of the region is Cagliari-Elmas which is a few kilometers from the city center, followed by the airport of Olbia and Alghero. Sea connections are guaranteed through the 5 main ports located in Cagliari, Golfo Aranci, Porto Torres, Arbatax and Oristano.
The regional territory is divided into 377 municipalities that converge, after the implementation of the Regional Law 4 February 2016, n. 2 on the reorganization of the system of local autonomies, in 4 Provinces and a metropolitan city:
Province of South Sardinia: it is the largest of the provinces of Sardinia by surface and by resident population.
The metropolitan city of Cagliari: is the regional capital and hosts the main public offices and a University.
Province of Sassari: it is the second of the provinces by surface and by resident population and includes the entire territory located of north Sardinia.
Province of Oristano: the capital, Oristano, is home to the main public offices and of "Consorzio Uno" University, a branch of the University of Cagliari and Sassari.
Province of Nuoro: the capital, Nuoro, hosts the main public offices a branch of the University.
With an important past in the field of chemicals, mines, quarries and salt pans, Sardinia has found itself in the last decade to face a period of strong industrial crisis, during which the regional industrial policies have been renewed in an effort of alignment to European policies. In particular, the need to harmonize industrial production with the protection of the environment, the redevelopment and reclamation of industrial areas, the conversion of distribution networks and the support for professional development and export, with a strong focus on quality and on local territorial vocations.
In order to foster competitiveness, innovation and attractiveness of the island, the regional administration provides a series of actions aimed at supporting the development of business activity, and highly attractive financial incentives for investors, through which it intends to promote accessibility, the enhancement of environmental and historical-cultural resources and the economic development of the entire island.
Strategic action to support entrepreneurs is aimed at simplifying and rationalizing the administrative procedures inherent in the production system. To this end, the Sardinia Region has promoted and supported the activation of the SUAP (One-Stop office for productive activities), in the Municipalities of the regional territory. The SUAP is the unique interface for all administrative procedures concerning economic and production activity.
There are many European funding opportunities: placing itself in the "regional competitiveness and employment" objective, the island benefits for the 2014-2020 period of community resources coming from the Structural Funds:
Furthermore, the Sardinian Regional government encourages high-level training and the development of increasingly specialized professionals, through training programs and incentives for training courses to be carried out abroad.
For further information, you can also consult the websites of the various provinces: