A careful analysis of the market cannot ignore the consideration of 3 different aspects:
- the macroeconomic context;
- the population;
- the productive fabric.
Regarding the macroeconomic context, the real Gross Domestic Product of Sardinia, in 2021, is 21.700 euros per inhabitant. The GDP of Sardinia in 2021 increased by 6,4 % over the previous year. The companies active in 2020 are 145.025, an increase of 0.6% compared to the previous year.
As for foreign trade, the trend is markedly negative. In 2021, trade increased both on the import and export side. Total imports have reached a value of 47.5 billion euros (+2.5 billion compared to 2020) while the value of exports is equal to 5.5 billion euros with an increase of 63% compared to 2020. Exports of the oil sector reached 1.9 billion euros, a sharp decrease compared to 2.4 billion in 2020, while the rest of the economy generally showed a good propensity towards internationalisation. The sectors whose exports exceed 100 million euros are basic chemistry (+20% compared to 2020), the basic metals industry, food products and goods declared as catering supplies.
As for the population, the data, updated in December 2021, report a resident population equal to 1,587,413 inhabitants. There was a slight decrease compared to the years 2019-2020. The demographic structure is characterised by a greater concentration of the male component up to 50 years, while later the gap in favour of the female component increases.
As for the productive fabric, in 2019 there were 145.025 active companies in Sardinia. Most of the enterprises operate in the field of the commerce and the professional activities, followed by the field of the constructions and the industrial one. Among the services, the greatest concentration of companies is in the hospitality and catering sector.
However, it is good to remember one last aspect: Sardinia is a land of innovation.
As widely recalled by the Europe 2020 strategy, Sardinia aims to invest in an intelligent specialisation model based on high value-added sectors that promote growth and are compatible with sustainable development paths: from tourism to agribusiness, from ICT to biotechnology to the green economy.
The island is a productive, economic, social and institutional system ready and reactive for the economic recovery and for the markets to come. For this reason, investments and active policies are planned to stimulate the growth of a dynamic and innovative entrepreneurial fabric, capable of creating development and enhancing the workforce present in the territory.
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