The Sardinia Region has an area of approximately 24,000 sq km with a population of 1,66 million. The landscape is mostly mountainous, characterized by massive highlands and hilly areas arranged in an irregular manner. The only large flat area the Campidano region, which spreads inland for approximately 110 km between the Gulfs of Cagliari and Oristano. The coastline, made of rocky and sandy beaches, is over 1800 km long.
An important transport network that is being continuously upgraded characterizes the region. The main roads connecting the major cities of the island are the Strada Statale (State Road) 131, 130 and 125. The island is served by 3 airports; the main airport of the Region is based in Elmas, which is only a few kilometers from the city center of Cagliari. Other airports are in Olbia and Alghero. Sea connections are guaranteed through the 5 main ports located in Cagliari, Golfo Aranci, Porto Torres, Arbatax and Oristano.
The region is divided into 377 municipalities that are grouped, after the implementation of the Regional Law 4 February 2016, n. 2, in 4 provinces and one metropolitan city:
Province of South Sardinia: This is the largest of the provinces for extension and population.
The metropolitan city of Cagliari: is also the administrative capital of the region. It hosts the main government offices and one University.
Province of Sassari is the second of the provinces for extension and resident population and includes the entire area of northwestern Sardinia.
Province of Oristano: the capital, Oristano, hosts the local government offices as well as "Consorzio UNO" a separate branch of the Universities of Cagliari and Sassari.
Province of Nuoro: the capital, Nuoro, houses the local government offices and also a separate branch of the university.
With an important past in the field of chemistry, mines, quarries and salt basins, the Region of Sardinia had to face in the past decade a long period of severe industrial crisis during which regional industrial policies have been renewed in an effort to align them to the European policies. In particular, the need to harmonize industrial production with the protection of the environment, the reclamation and recovery of industrial areas, the conversion of distribution networks and the support to professional development and export, has been evident, with a strong focus on quality and on territorial vocations.
In order to foster the island's competitiveness, innovation and attractiveness, the regional administration offers a range of actions to support the development of business activities and a set of highly attractive financial incentives for investors. These initiatives are aimed at promoting accessibility, enhancing the environmental and historical-cultural resources and boosting the economic development of the entire island.
Strategic support actions for entrepreneurs are aimed at simplifying and streamlining the administrative procedures inherent in the production activities. To this end, the Regional government of Sardinia promoted and supported the activation of a SUAP (Office for Production Activities) in each of the municipalities of its territory. SUAP is a single reference point for all administrative processes inherent the economic activities.
There are several programs aimed at promoting employment and enterprise development:
- PISL - Integrated Projects for Local Development;
- POIC - Operative Projects for Urban Entrepreneurship;
- FRAI - Reindustrialisation of Industrial Areas Fund
There are also many opportunities coming from European funds: Sardinia falls within the "Regional competitiveness and employment" objective: for this reason the island benefits from the Structural Funds resources for the 2014-2020 period:
- ERDF - European Regional Development Fund;
- ESF - European Social Fund.
In addition, the Regional Government of Sardinia encourages highly specialized training and development of professional skills through training programs and incentives for training courses that can be carried out in its territory or abroad as well.
For more information, visit the following websites:
For further details, you can also consult the websites of the various provinces: